ADHD Focus

How to Treat Chronic Pain Without Medication: The Promise of Neurofeedback

June 26, 2024

By Zara Dureno, BA, MOT



Chronic pain is a debilitating condition that affects millions worldwide. Traditionally, medication has been the go-to solution for managing chronic pain. However, many patients seek alternative treatments to avoid the side effects and dependency associated with long-term drug use. One promising alternative is neurofeedback, a non-invasive technique that trains the brain to regulate its own activity, offering a new avenue for pain relief without medication.

Understanding Neurofeedback

Neurofeedback, also known as EEG biofeedback, is a method that uses real-time monitoring of brain activity to teach self-regulation of brain function. It involves placing sensors on the scalp to measure brain waves, which are then displayed on a screen. Through various feedback mechanisms, individuals learn to modify their brain activity, promoting healthier patterns.

The concept behind neurofeedback is simple yet profound: by recognizing and altering dysfunctional brain wave patterns, patients can potentially alleviate symptoms associated with various neurological and psychological conditions, including chronic pain.

How Neurofeedback Works for Chronic Pain

Chronic pain is often linked to abnormal brain activity. Studies have shown that individuals with chronic pain frequently exhibit altered brain wave patterns, particularly in areas related to pain perception and modulation. Neurofeedback aims to address these abnormalities by training the brain to adopt more optimal functioning.

Here’s how the process typically works:

1. Assessment: The first step involves a thorough assessment of the patient’s brain activity. This is usually done through a quantitative EEG (qEEG), which identifies specific areas of dysregulation. At the Surrey Neuroplasticity Clinic, this can be done completely virtually as we have devices we can send to your home.

2. Training Sessions: Based on the assessment, a personalized training protocol is developed. During sessions, patients engage in tasks that encourage desirable brain wave patterns. For instance, they might play a video game or watch a movie that only continues when their brain produces the desired activity. These may also be done from the comfort of your own home, on your own schedule.

3. Feedback Mechanism: Immediate feedback is provided to you on your phone or tablet, reinforcing positive changes. Over time, this helps the brain learn to maintain healthier patterns autonomously.

4. Progress Monitoring: Regular assessments are conducted to monitor progress and adjust the training protocol as needed. Your provider may also supplement your training with education about self-management techniques for chronic pain.

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Benefits of Neurofeedback for Chronic Pain

Neurofeedback offers several advantages as a treatment for chronic pain:

1. Non-Invasive: Unlike surgical interventions, neurofeedback is completely non-invasive, involving no physical alterations or invasive procedures.

2. Drug-Free: Patients can avoid the side effects and dependency risks associated with pain medications.

3. Personalized Treatment: Neurofeedback protocols are tailored to the individual’s unique brain activity, enhancing the effectiveness of the therapy.

4. Long-Lasting Effects: Many patients report sustained improvements in pain levels, even after completing their neurofeedback training.

Research and Evidence

The scientific community is increasingly recognizing the potential of neurofeedback for chronic pain management. Research studies have demonstrated significant reductions in pain intensity and improvements in quality of life for patients undergoing neurofeedback training.

For example, a study published in the journal NeuroImage found that patients with chronic pain showed substantial pain relief and improved emotional well-being after a series of neurofeedback sessions. Another study in the Journal of Pain Research highlighted that neurofeedback could modulate brain activity associated with pain processing, leading to decreased pain perception.

Getting Started with Neurofeedback

If you’re considering neurofeedback for chronic pain, contact our clinic to talk to one of our neurofeedback experts!


Chronic pain can severely impact quality of life, but it doesn’t have to be managed solely with medication. Neurofeedback offers a promising, drug-free approach to pain relief by harnessing the brain’s ability to self-regulate. As research continues to validate its efficacy, more patients may find lasting relief through this innovative therapy.

If you’re exploring alternatives for chronic pain management, neurofeedback might be the solution you’ve been searching for. Reach out to our clinic to get started today!

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