occupational therapy surrey BC

Empowering Healing: The Role of Occupational Therapy in Chronic Pain Management

April 01, 2024

By Zara Dureno, BA, MOT



Chronic pain, a pervasive and complex condition, requires a multidimensional approach for effective management. While medical interventions play a crucial role, the holistic perspective offered by occupational therapy (OT) has gained recognition as a valuable complement to traditional treatments. We explore the empowering potential of occupational therapy in the context of chronic pain management.

Understanding Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy is a client-centred approach that focuses on enhancing an individual’s ability to engage in meaningful activities and daily life tasks. When applied to chronic pain, OT aims to improve overall well-being by addressing physical, emotional, and environmental factors that contribute to the pain experience.

1. Activity Modification and Pacing

Chronic pain often disrupts daily activities, leading to a cycle of inactivity and further debilitation. Occupational therapists work collaboratively with individuals to modify activities, making them more manageable and less pain-inducing. Additionally, pacing techniques are employed to help individuals strike a balance between rest and activity, preventing exacerbation of pain while maintaining functionality.

2. Ergonomics and Environmental Adaptations

Occupational therapists assess the individual’s living and working environments to identify factors that may contribute to or exacerbate chronic pain. Recommendations for ergonomic changes, adaptive equipment, and environmental modifications are provided to create a supportive and pain-friendly space. These interventions aim to reduce physical strain and create an environment conducive to optimal functioning.

occupational therapy surrey BC

3. Emotional Well-being and Coping Strategies

Chronic pain often takes a toll on mental health, leading to anxiety, depression, and stress. Occupational therapists assist individuals in developing coping strategies to manage the emotional impact of pain. Through mindfulness, relaxation techniques, and goal-setting, OT fosters resilience and empowers individuals to navigate the emotional challenges associated with chronic pain.

4. Rehabilitation and Functional Independence

Occupational therapy plays a vital role in the rehabilitation process for individuals with chronic pain. Therapists design personalized exercise programs to improve strength, flexibility, and endurance while considering pain limitations. The focus is on restoring functional independence, empowering individuals to engage in activities that bring meaning and fulfillment to their lives.


Occupational therapy stands as a beacon of hope for individuals navigating the intricate landscape of chronic pain. By addressing not only the physical aspects but also the emotional and environmental contributors, OT offers a holistic and empowering approach to pain management. As part of a comprehensive care plan, occupational therapy can be a transformative ally, guiding individuals toward increased functionality, improved quality of life, and a renewed sense of control over their well-being.

At the Surrey Neuroplasticity Clinic, we have an occupational therapist who specializes in chronic pain management and could help you on your recovery journey. Contact us to learn more!

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