Cerebral palsy (CP) is a lifelong neurological condition that disrupts the development of movement and posture, causing limitations in normal function. CP affects approximately 17 million people across the globe.
If you have ever felt like you just came off a roller coaster ride while strolling along a street, driving a car, or simply sitting at a desk, you might have experienced vertigo – a specific symptom of vestibular impairment that can be diagnosed and treated.
A stroke occurs when there is a loss of blood flow to any part of the brain, causing tissue damage in that area. This can occur in two ways: blockage of a blood vessel due to a clot (ischemic stroke), or bleeding into brain tissue due to a broken or ruptured artery (hemorrhagic stroke).
The spinal cord is a long, strong bundle of nerves that connects your brain to the rest of your body. It is the “relay station” that provides information to your brain about the environment, and then carries out commands for movement from the brain.
Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is a group of neurodegenerative diseases. Movement is normally controlled by dopamine, a chemical that carries signals between the nerves in the brain. When cells that normally produce dopamine die, the symptoms of Parkinson’s appear.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is thought to be an immune-mediated disorder that attacks the linings of the nerves cells (myelin sheath) in the brain and spinal cord, impacting the ability of the central nervous system to communicate with the rest of the body.
Migraines are the 3rd most prevalent disorder in the world, and they are more prevalent in women than in men. Migraines are considered a primary brain disorder that are characterized by recurrent attacks of head pain associated with autonomic nervous system dysfunction (a branch of our nervous system that acts as a control center for functions such as breathing, heart beat and digestion).
A concussion is an injury to the brain that can cause a temporary disruption to how it is functioning. Concussions can be caused either directly (e.g. a hit to the head) or indirectly (e.g. an insult to the body that transfers force to the head). This force to the head causes the brain to move within the skull. It typically causes brain tissue to change at a cellular level, leading to a rapid onset of neurological changes.
Pain that lasts for more than three to six months is considered to be persistent pain. One in five people suffer from persistent pain, and more than half of these individuals may have had pain for more than 10 years.